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"Improvements of Tagging Methods for Stock Assessment and Research in Fisheries"
FAIR. CT.96.1394 (PL.96.1394),
CONSOLIDATED MIDTERM REPORT May 1998
"Improvements of Tagging Methods for Stock Assessment and Research in Fisheries"
FAIR. CT.96.1394 (PL.96.1394),
CONSOLIDATED MIDTERM REPORT May 1998
|Contract N°: FAIR.
Total Cost: 384,000.- ECU
EC Contribution: 384,000.- ECU
Starting date: 01.01.1997
Duration: 24 months
EC contact:DG XIV/C.2
WWW information: http://www.hafro.is/catag/
Mr. Vilhjalmur Thorsteinsson,
Marine Research Institute,
Skulagata 4, IS-121 Reykjavik,
Telephone: +354-552 0240,
Telefax: +354-562 3790,
|Dr. Geoff P.
Centre for Environment,
Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS)
Lowestoft, Suffolk-NR33 OHT,
Telephone: +44-1502-524 354 (524241),
University Marine, Biological Station,
Millport, Isle of Cumbrae, KA28, OEG, Scotland,
System Data Centres 3,
Newton Avenue, London W3 8AJ -
Mr. Curt Insulander,
Swedish Salmon Research Institute,
S - 814 94 Älvkarleby,
Telephone: +46 2677153 or 46 2677150 (general),
Telefax: +46 2677160,
Dr. Olav Rune Godø,
Institute of Marine Research,
Ministry of Fisheries, Nordnesgt. 30,
Telephone: +47 55238500,
Telefax: +47 55238687,
Mr. Tapani Pakarinen,
Pukinmaenaukio 4, P.O.Box 6,
FIN - 00721 Helsinki,
Telephone: +358 2057511,
Telefax: +358 205751201,
Dr. George Tserpes,
Institute of Marine Biology of Crete,
P.O.Box 2214, 71003 Iraklion,
Telephone: +30 81393298,
Telefax: +30 81241882,
Institute of Freshwater Fisheries,
Vagnhofda 7, 112 Reykjavik,
Telephone: +354 5676400,
Telefax: +354 5676420,
Dr. Etienne Baras,
10 Chemin de la Justice, B - 4500 Tihange,
Telephone: +32 85214869,
Telefax: +32 85230592,
Dr. Gisli Jonsson,
Veterinary Office for Fish Diseases,
Institute for Experimental, Pathology,
Keldur v/Vesturlandsveg, IS-112 Reykjavik,
Telephone: +354-567 47 00,
Telefax: +354-567 39 79,
Star Oddi Ehf, Grandagardur 5,
Telephone: +354 551 3444,
Dr. Gianna Fabi,
Instituto di Ricerche, Sulla Pesca Marittima,
CNR, Largo Fiera della Pesca,
60125 - ANCONA,
Telephone: +39 712078825,
Telefax: +39 7155313,
Dr. Tor G. Heggberget,
Tungasletta 2, N -
Telephone: +47 73580500,
Telefax: +47 73915433,
Dr. Stig S. Pedersen,
Danish Institute for Fisheries.
Research Department of Inland Fisheries,
Vejlsoevej 39, DK - 8600 Silkeborg,
Telephone: +45 89213141,
Telefax: +45 89213150,
Mrs. Josianne Støttrup,
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research,
North Sea Centre, DK - 9850 Hirtshals,
Telephone: +45 33963215,
Telefax: +45 33963260,
Fisheries Research Centre,
Abbotstown, Dublin 15,
Telephone: +353 18210111,
Telefax: +353 18205078,
Mrs. Marianne Holm,
Institute of Marine Research,
Ministry of Fisheries,
P.O. Box 1870 - Nordnes, 5024 Bergen,
Telephone: +47 55236892,
Telefax: +47 55236901,
Dr. Geoff P. Arnold, UK. Chairman of work-group on electronic tagging
Prof. John Davenport, UK. Chairman of the work-group on animal wellfare and legislation
Dr. Olav Rune Godø, NORWAY. Chairman of the work-group on data analysis and modelling
Dr. Niall Ó Maoiléidigh, IRELAND..
Mr. Vilhjalmur Thorsteinsson, ICELAND. Coordinator
To contact all members of the management committee simultaneously, E-mail: "email@example.com":
FINANCIAL REPORT AND COST STATMENTS
Improvements of the methodology in fish tagging techniques with emphasis on the application in fisheries research and stock assessment.
I) Conduct a survey among European fisheries research institutes to assess:
II) To achieve improvements of the methodology and techniques of tagging by:
II. DESCRIPTION OF WORK
TASK 1: Meetings (Management Committee Meetings, General Meetings and Workshops)
Meetings held in the first half of the project period
Management committee meetings
At the Management Committee meetings the work of the project was planned and decisions were taken on the time frame and agendas for the general meetings. Decisions and recommendations of the MC group are shown in Annex XX.
General meetings are divided into general sessions and work-group activity. Most of the time was devoted to work-group activity.
The agendas for the general meetings are shown in Annex XXX
These dealt with problems and decisions that concerned all participants
Four work-groups were formed at the beginning of the first meeting. Their purpose was to work on different aspects of the CA. The work-groups have been active during the project time in between meetings communicating over the WWW.
Chairman: Curt Insulander
Others: Dr. Stig S. Pedersen, Mrs. Josianne Stoettrup, Mr. Vilhjalmur Thorsteinsson
Group B, dealing with electronic tagging, telemetry and data logging tags
Chairman: Dr. Geoff Arnold.
Others: Mr. Sigmar Gudbjornsson, Dr. Tor G. Heggberget, Mr. Johannes Sturlausson,
Dr. Niall Ó Maoiléidigh, Mrs. Marianne Holm.
Group C, dealing with general fish health and behavior change encountered in tagging
procedures and legislation which affect tagging
Chairman: Prof. John Davenport.
Others: Dr. Gianna Fabi, Dr. Etienne Baras, Dr. Gisli Jonsson.
Group D, dealing with data analysis and modeling
Chairman: Dr. Olav R. Godö.
Others: Dr.ing. Federico Borghini, Mr. Tapani Pakarinen, Dr. George Tserpes.
The first two groups are directly concerned with tagging methods, the problems and possible improvements in the methodology of applying them. The objectives oft the last two groups are concerned with aspects which apply to all kinds of tagging. The intermediate objectives of Group C, to obtain knowledge of how to avoid possible health and behavior change of tagged fish and to survey legislation on tagging which is used by various European countries. Group D has the difficult task of surveying literature for methodology in data analysis and modeling which applies to all aspects of tagging.
To ensure that the four groups are not duplicating activity by doing the same things the leaders interchange work- schedules and participants.
There are important categories of tagging and marking methods which the work-groups will not deal with, like tagging or marking with chemicals or genetic tagging or marking. They will only be briefly mentioned. It is not the scope of this CA to review all tags or tagging methods but rather to find important ways of improving methodology.
TASK 2: Surveys
Surveys directed to institutes
The objectives of this sub-task were originally to conduct a survey among European fisheries research institutes to assess: the past, present and future use of tags, opinions of scientists of the reliability of tagging methods, how data from tagging experiments is analyzed, which models used among various research institutes, where improvements are needed and how they could be achieved, information exchange of methods and results, amongst and within various European laboratories, sources of equipment and materials for tagging.
Considerable effort was made by all working groups during the first General meeting to construct a questionnaire which would cover this information request. The outcome of that was a document so voluminous that it was feared that sending it to various institutes it would be difficult and time consuming to get it back with all the information.
It was thought to be a better idea to have a smaller questionnaire and more interactive surveys
Furthermore, some of the sub-tasks above such as; past present and future, reliability, data analysis and the use of models have been shown to be just as well carried out by the work groups reflecting on their own experience, discussions and literature surveys. This has been sufficient to form the main structure of the web-site and to prepare structure of other deliverables such as basis of final report and publications.
The first overall survey effort has been partitioned into smaller ones which address:
The surveys directed to institutes is to make researcher in as many institutes as possible aware of this CA project and the CATAG web-site and to get them to use it for their benefit. To establish more contacts. To get more methods for the methods database. To find more gray zone literature.
The effort which was put into making survey forms and the questionnaire has not been in vain because the ideas and forms will be used in one way or another during and after the project period. The actual surveys of institues will be carried out in the second part of the CA when the web site is in a better shape to recieve the attention and information which will be directed to it.
Recent advances in world-wide electronic communication makes it feasible to conduct many sorts of survey over the WWW: makes it possible to saving a lot of time and money. Although the surveys were originally planned to go by surface mail we are now looking at the possibility to conduct them all over the WWW. For that purpose there already exists a survey section on the CATAG web-site.
All of the work-groups have used literature surveys at one point or another to obtain necessary information in the field. These surveys have covered both published literature which is already in easily accessible databases such as Aquatic abstracts and also the so-called gray literature or reports and institutes working papers which are not in search able databases but ar not less important.
On the CATAG web-site databases with the literature refences which have been found by the groups will be under the option "References in tagging".
Manufacturers of tags or tagging equipment
On the CATAG web site "http://www.hafro.is/catag/" a special side page has been made for Producers and suppliers of tags and tagging. This is composed of list of the names of companies, their representatives and short list of what they offer. Most of the entries have links to the companies and their contact person. This solution is in many ways better than a survey. Information obtained through a survey would soon be out of date. Most companies have web-sites with information on their company and the products. By having a link to each company one has at hand easy access to the newest information at any point in time.
TASK 3: Electronic Communication Links and the construction of a Web-site on the WWW
One of the first tasks which was carried out in the CA project was to organize a common platform for messages. This was done by making E-mail lists. By E-mail it is easy to link many addresses to one single address This way one can distribute messages quicker to many persons at the same time in stead of repeating the message to each of them.
At the beginning fax numbers were included in these lists to ensure that the messages would get to each partner if the E-mail method of communication would fail. The main problem with this arrangement was that a lot of paper was very often unnecessarily wasted, faxing small messages many times and problems were encountered when sending attachments. After a trial period the fax numbers were eliminated from each mailing-lists but one separate mailing-list with all the fax numbers is kept aside in case it would be needed.
This communication system was constructed and maintained by Gunnar Orvarsson at the Computer-department of the Directorate of Fisheries in Iceland. The Host of the E-mail system is the sever at the Marine Research Institute in Iceland
Organization of a web-site for communication and dissemination of results.
The organization and construction of the web-site was one of the main activities of the coordinator in 1997. A post graduate student Mr. Bjorn Knutsson, was employed by MRI, for 6 months in 1997. From September to November 1997 his duties were to carry out the basic construction of the CATAG Web -site. In May, 1998 he worked part time on the CATAG Web-site. He is now working full time at Icelandic Freezing Plants Cop (IFPC).
Some parts of the web-site like the database connections needed programming in CGI. This was done by the computer staff of the Directorate of Fisheries in Iceland.
The CATAG Web-site is used as an activity site, an instrument for the implementation of objectives and as a medium for displaying of the projects deliverables. It will be in construction during the project period. After the CA project is finished the Marine Research Institute in Iceland may continue its maintenance for some years given that an agreement or contract can be made between Marine Research Institute of Iceland, the rest of the partners of the CA and the EC. This is a minor but necessary formality.
If these future arrangements can be made, The CATAG Web-site will be very useful after the CA project is finished as a tool for researchers who use tagging experiments or are involved in tagging projects anywhere in the world and for those who are interested in this kind of work like many fishermen are.
Change of emphases in some of the intermediate objectives
Important comment was made by referees and EC staff that more emphases should be made on models in the project than was originally planned. The coordinator and management committee of the CATAG tried to adjust for this in the Technical Annex. A special work-group was devoted to the models. The members of the Models group are on out-look for a model - orientated person (mathematical models oriented, with respect to tagging), for advise and to participate in the last general meeting or the meeting that will be during the second half of the CATAG project.
The increased emphases on data analysis and models will definitely need more money and time.
There has also been more emphases on the web-site than was anticipated. In last few years and not least in the pre-project and project period of the CATAG the importance of the WWW has increased and is used by more and more people everyday. It has changed from being used by rather few scientists to be a must and something that can not be avoided and a very exciting tool with unlimited possibilities.
It is there fore understandable that we ask that we will be allowed to change from very much survey orientated approach in the first objectives to give more to the use of the CATAG web-site which we hope will be a very useful tool in the future and to analysis and modeling. Surveys will still be conducted but with a different ...
IV. RESULTS AND DELIVERABLES
The deliverables of the CA project will be
The results of the CA project will be represented as the status and work-plans of the work-groups and the status up the CATAG Web-site.
Status of work-groups
Group A, conventional tagging or tagging with "identification tags"
Chairman: Dr. Curt Insulander,
Dr. Stig S. Pedersen, Mrs. Josianne Støttrup, Mr. Vilhjalmur Thorsteinsson
For the purpose of this project conventional tags (ID-tags) are defined as simple external or internal tags which may be numbered and which are attached or injected into the individual fish. These may be T-bar, Carlin or Coded Microwire Tags (CWTs). External marks such as fin clipping, branding or injecting fluorescent marks are also defined as conventional tags. All other tags and marks, such as chemical, genetic or electronic tags are hereby defined under unconventional tags (The name conventional tagging was thought to be misleading as all tagging methods will be conventional if they are used long enough. A better name was thought to be "identification tags" or ID-tags).
The responsibility of this group for the first half of the project time was the development of a draft of an on line manual on tagging methods and to produce one or two examples of entries for circulation to all participants in the CA prior to the second meeting in February 1998.
The group also surveyed the problems which are encountered using these methods and looked for improvements for example by cooperating with other the groups
The need to identify individual fish or groups of fish is a basic requirement in fisheries science. This has led to the development of a myriad of tag types and applications depending on the purpose of the exercise, the species and size of the individual fish and the number of tagged individuals required for the study. The development in search of a perfect tag or mark is ongoing and the use of double tagging techniques underlies the conflicts arising from information requirements on the one hand and practical applications (permanency, identifiable, recognizable, effect on fish behaviour, etc) on the other.
The deliverables from this group will be the database structure for tagging methods and information on tag types on the CATAG Web-site. It was not the intention of this group to re-review conventional tags and marks but rather to point out where to find such literature. An extensive literature is available with good reviews such as Nielsen, 1992 and Parker et al., 1990. Instead the work was focused on the establishment of a databases of methods and tag types, which included short but comprehensive details on each tag or marking method and where possible examples of their uses.
During the intermediate period, the group conducted a literature survey on the subject of conventional tags and a reference list is in production. At the meeting in Crete, in February 1998, the group presented a draft structure for a database on tagging methods, based on a logical sequence of data, which is easy to use for selecting appropriate methods. The draft was accepted and the discussion made about ongoing work of filling in the data. Some modifications may be necessary as the work with including the data on the different tags proceeds.
To achieve the objectives for the Concerted Action, areas of improvement for conventional tags was reviewed through the establishment of a database, whereby the pros and cons of the different conventional tags could be distinguished. The basic work for this database is described above. This database will replace a manual and is the means chosen by this group to improve inter-laboratory information in a form in which both laboratories with and without experience can participate. Further, such a database will be available to all European research laboratories, the only requirement being access to the Internet.
An inherent problem with tagging in general is the recapture or retrieval of these tags. Conventional tags suffer from the problem of high tag-losses and failure to report retrieved tags and some of these problems also appear with unconventional tags. Some marking methods require fishing surveys by the institute responsible for the tagging exercise to retrieve the marked individuals, others rely on returns from the commercial and recreational fisheries.
Pros and cons of various ID-tags
External tags are the oldest and most widely used techniques for identifying individual or groups of fish and have been extensively reviewed (Nielsen, 1992; Parker et al., 1990). It is not the intention of the project to re-review this area. From the existing literature, the following advantages and disadvantages of using external tags can be summed up.
Numbered tags enable scientists to identify individual fish
Cheap (may be cost effective)
Easy and fast to apply
Useable for a large range of sizes
Applicable to large numbers of fish
Provides large numbers of returns and enough data for statistical analysis
Facilitates tag returns from recreational and commercial fisheries, giving a broader geographical and seasonal distribution after returns.
Long tag-retention time
Large surface provides space for printing information
May affect growth and health
May become entangled
Tag losses may be high
May be difficult to apply to very small fish
External marks have been used extensively, primarily for marking large numbers of individuals for identifying different populations of fish. The advantages and disadvantages in relation to the external tags are listed below.
Does not effect fish growth and behaviour
Cheaper and in certain cases faster to apply
Suitable for a broader range of sizes
A group mark, individuals cannot be identified
No returns from commercial or recreational fisheries
Limited number of group marks available
Possibility of recognition errors
Mark recognition may deteriorate with time
The need to develop individual tags which would not effect fish behaviour or health led to the development of internal tags which could be injected in fish. The most widely used tag is the Coded Wire Tag (CWTs). These are small pieces of magnetized stainless steel, which may contain a binary code. The CWTs are injected into the fish in various parts of the body.
In order to recognize tagged fish it may be necessary also to mark the fish externally. If the fish are not marked externally they can be recognized from a sample of fish using a magnetic detector.
The CWTs need to be extracted from to individual for identification.
The only other type of internal (conventional type of) tag that has been used extensively is the Visible Implant (VI). VI tags are small flat plastic tags, and may contain codes or numbers for individual identification. VIs are internal tags injected to a place in the fish where they are visible externally.
Little effect on growth and health
Suitable for broad size-range
High retention rates
With suitable equipment large numbers of fish may be tagged
Individual recognition possible
Expensive equipment required (CWTs)
Expert personnel needed (CWTs)
Tagging and recovery of specimens may be labour intensive (CWTs)
Tag retrieval and identification are labor intensive (CWTs)
Tag migration in specimens reduces probability of recognition
Group B - electronic tagging, telemetry and data logging tags
Chairman: Dr. Geoff Arnold
Mr. Sigmar Gudbjornsson, Dr. Tor G. Heggberget, Mrs. Marianne Holm, Dr. Niall Ó Maoiléidigh, Mr. Johannes Sturlaugsson.
At the first CATAG meeting in Reykjavik, Group B agreed to undertake ten tasks, eight of which would be addressed in 1997. Discussion of future needs and ways of sustaining electronic tag development in the future were deferred until 1998. Each member of the group undertook to write a section of the report and to circulate it to their colleagues prior to the second general meeting in February 1998. This aim was largely achieved and the group arrived in Crete with drafts of seven sections and a substantial amount of supporting material. The texts were discussed in detail during the Crete meeting and decisions taken with respect to the inclusion of additional material. Following discussion with Groups A, B and C, it was agreed to transfer material on the effects of anesthesia and surgery to the chapter on fish health in Group Cs report and to include some modelling material that was more appropriate to Group B than Group D. Group B made some progress towards proposing objectives for future research and development, although this process will continue through 1998 and will not be completed until after the last general meeting in October. A further task list was defined, including exchange of information on specific topics, and it was agreed that members would return modified versions of their section of the report to the group chairman by 31 March 1998.
In its current form, Group Bs report is structured under the following main headings:
Two further sections of the report remain to be written following discussions at the final general meeting in Ancona in October:
Group C, general fish health and behavior change encountered in tagging procedures and legislation which affect tagging.
Chairman: Prof. John Davenport
Dr. Gianna Fabi, Dr. Etienne Baras, Dr. Gisli Jonsson.
Progress report of working group on impact of tagging on fish health and behavior and legislation concerning fish tagging.
Impact of tagging on fish health and behavior
Legislation which affect tagging
1. Introduction This sets the scene, explaining that legislation impacts on the performance of tagging and on the publication of results.
2. Fish tagging and the law This describes the background to the development of legislation concerned with prevention of cruelty to animals, and specific laws relating to animal experimentation. It then goes on to describe specific national legislation and its relevance to fish tagging of various types. At present the picture is complete for the following countries: Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Iceland, Spain, UK Legislation is available for Austria, but requires translation. Plans are in hand to obtain legislation from Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, Portugal and Israel by the end of March 1998. It was decided that a copy of the EU Directive governing animal welfare should be obtained.
3. Tagging of organisms other than fish This section is short, and considers bird-ringing plus tagging of marine mammals and turtles. It is included for its useful lessons.
On the CATAG Web-site there is a special option "Legislation" which opens up the draft of the report on Legislation which has been prepared by this group.
Group D, DATA ANALYSIS AND MODELLING
Chairman: Dr. Olav R. Godø.
Dr.ing. Federico Borghini, Mr. Tapani Pakarinen, Dr. George Tserpes.
The main points related to the analysis and modelling of tagging data were discussed and classified in the following areas:
The scientific contributions on the above subjects are being reviewed through a literature research. Relevant references will be classified according to the above mentioned categories in order to evaluate "state of the art". In addition this information will be used to identify fields needing further development. An effort will be also made to obtain as much information as possible from the so-called "gray literature" particularly on modelling/analysis tools applied in the ICES assessments.
Work notes on progress of work of Group D
ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF TAGGING RESULTS
Goals: Control of recovery position
Control of recovery time
Data modelling (DST)
Compare release and recapture position
Time series smoothing and expansion
Goal: To use recordings of environmental variables to estimate position
Modelling of light data
Modelling of tidal current profiles and depth distribution of fish
Probability modelling incorporating and comparing environmental data (t, s, depth) from tag with multi dimensional (lat, lon, depth, time, variable) hydrographic model.
Goal: To understand fish movements in relation to environment
Time series modelling
Data split by seasonal, area etc. characteristics
Comparative analyses between individuals which are present at the same place simultaneously.
Goal: Direct estimation of abundance
Return rates - mortality models
Goal: To use tagging data to assess variation survey efficiency
Trawl efficiency and temperature, light etc.
Activity patterns and environment
-Measured in tag
-Measured by other means
Type of tags: All
Consistency among individuals
Electronic Communication Links and the CATAG Web-site
Establishment of communication links between experts with E-mail
To facilitate the work and communication among the partners and within groups it is useful to be able link many addresses to one single address. This way one can distribute messages quicker to many persons simultaneously in stead of repeating the message to each of them. This can easily be done by E-mail systems. The E-mail addresses of the partners were grouped in the following way.
"firstname.lastname@example.org": for all partners
"email@example.com": for all members of the management committee
"firstname.lastname@example.org": for members of the working group of conventional tagging
"email@example.com": for members of the working group of electronic tagging
"firstname.lastname@example.org": for members of the working group of health and legislation
"email@example.com": for members of the working group of data analysis and models use
"firstname.lastname@example.org": can be used to send fax to all partners through the E-mail system
This E-mail system has been very useful. When the conference section was constructed on the web-site the majority of partners still preferred to use the system above.
Progress of the CATAG Web-site
This web-site is still under construction but active and can be accessed on the WWW under > http://www.hafro.is/catag/<. It is in several sections and subsections most of which are open to general public. Some sections are only accessible by passwords because they are working areas for partners.
Authors of the web-site are Vilhjalmur Thorsteinsson, Marine Research Institute and Bjorn Knutsson, present working address at Icelandic Freezing Plants Corporations (IFPC), Reykjavik, Iceland.
Description of the CATAG Web-site
The following options are on the first or central page.
Internal structure of each option
CATAG progress reports
It is very useful both for research and administration to be able to access all these legislation in one place.
Producers and suppliers of tags
This part has been active since September 1997. Some producers have already illustrated catalogs and ordering forms on their linked web-sites.
References in tagging (not finished)
Surveys (not finished)
Tagging methods (not finished)
These databases can be searched with keywords. Entries can be added by sending in ideas to the coordinator or editor of the CATAG web-site. This part is open for entries but the entries must be edited by the Steering Committee before acceptance.
Because the data will be with each institute of origin, these are by definition decentralized databases.
On the second level there is a list of institutes which have links to information on tags they have released. There is also information for those who want to link their databases on tags they have released.
The link makes a search for a particular id of a tag legend and number and can also find ranges of id numbers of tags.
This facility can aid the handling of tags which are found. It is especially useful for tracing tags found by other nationals. The information exchange concerning such tags could be done through the E-mail system. Access and maintenance will be the responsibility of each institute.
An important feature of this is that the search is done each time on the actual database. The information is therefore always up to date because newly entered data can also be searched as soon as it has entered the database.
The Icelandic part of this which has been active for some time has both an Icelandic language section and an English language section. It has been useful both for outsiders who want to know something about a tag they have found and also for the staff of the MRI if they want to refresh their memory of what has been done in tagging and can even be used in reporting.
Advantage to such a search facility on the WWW
This search facility is useful in many ways.
the objectives and tasks of each group, the participants in each group, how to get messages to the groups, etc.
IV. DISSEMINATION OF RESEARCH RESULTS
As this project is a Concerted Action, it must achieve its goals by meetings, workshops, exchange of information and facilitation of communication between researchers. The project works towards these objectives by collecting and collating information, discussing new ideas and making recommendations for improved procedures and further research and development. The work is achieved by workshops, meetings, assignments and surveys. The main product will be a site on the WWW with access to an up-to-date compendium of information on all aspects of tagging, including the recommendations of the Concerted Action. The web-site will include information for designing surveys, manuals of tagging methods (in database format), a bibliography of tagging, lists of manufacturers of tags and tagging equipment (with access to the manufacturers web-site, where possible), an on-line conference section and information on the project and participants.
V. FUTURE ACTIONS
In stead of another general meeting after the one in Ancona the plan is to have at least one meeting per each work-group in the period, November 1998 to May 1999, as needed to finish the various tasks of the project. This may though depend on the financial status of the project.
Literature surveys by each work-group to continue as needed. The resulting information to be attached to approprate places on the CATAG Web-site by October 1998.
Surveys to research institutes in Europa, will be carried out by September 1998. Will serve to get further information, make contacts with researchers, introduction of reseachers in tagging work to the use of the CATAG Web-site.
During the work period of the project the CATAG-web-site is an instrument for communication and for displaying the deliverables while the partners are working on them.
The future of the web site is that it will become a tool useful for researchers all over the world who work in tagging experiments.
All sections of the Web-site need to be worked on during the project period. After the project period is over it is necessary to have an active group who involved with the maintenance and changes. This group should be the partners of the Concerted Action.
The maintenance and updating of the web-site must be done at one place. It is natural that its homebase should be maintained at MRI. A contract should be drawn on how to run the CATAG web-site after May 31st, 1999. The MRI offers takes over the running of the CATAG web-site after the project period is finished, provided a contract is in place which is agreed on by the participating institutes of the CATAG and European Community.
Plans for the web-site changes
CATAG progress reports
This section will need to be looked after and more information on legislation added to it as time goes on. It is quite possible that this sectin will be used when in the future reforms are made on tagging legislations.
Producers and suppliers of tags
References in tagging
Special entry form will be designed so that entering new methods will be simple.
Final outputs and deliverables finished by May 1999.
Recommended projects which could be worked on and applied for to the EC.
VI. ACTION REQUIRED FROM THE COMMISSION
An extension for the CATAG-project.
It is in the interest of the all the partners to finish this project as close to the finishing date as possible. It is also in our interest that the deliverables from the CATAG project will be as good as possible.
The time given for this project 24 months is rather short. The reason for planning such a short project time is that it was thought that it would be good to have a short project duration so that the recommended projects which will be among the deliverables can get early into the process of applications for supports. Three years project time could delay some of the projects which could be the outcome of the CA project.
The short time-span however makes the project vulnerable to unexpected things which may come up.
There was for example a delay of commencement in the beginning of the project period because of the mistake that the contract was sent to Italy in stead of Iceland. After that when the contract was sent to Iceland it didnt go to the coordinator but to the Vice Director of MRI who had gone on leave to work for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The result was that the project didnt start until the beginning of February 1997.
More time is also needed because more emphases has been put on data analysis and models than was in original application.
We ask for an extension to the end of March 1999.